This year late-season hailstorms led to increases in volunteer wheat that emerged shortly before wheat harvest. If left uncontrolled until wheat emergence in the fall, growers can expect a large buildup of mites and virus, leading to yield-robbing disease outbreaks next spring and summer.
Ideal temperatures, good moisture, and low disease pressure were the perfect conditions to achieve high winter wheat yields across much of southwest, west central, and the Panhandle of Nebraska with several counties averaging over 100 bu/ac.
Due to the late wheat harvest throughout western Nebraska, weeds growing in unharvested fields grew much longer than usual. In some fields weeds matured and produced seed. These weed control measures and residue management will be particularly important for the next wheat crop.
University research in the Nebraska Panhandle suggests that changing two management strategies may help significantly reduce wheat stem sawfly pressure in winter wheat. Over the years, the sawfly has become a major pest in wheat with few known control measures.
A review of wheat variety data from 2018-2019 shows it was an unusual year, given the above-normal precipitation in many areas, and that it might be best considered with averages from previous years when selecting wheat seed for next year.