Sorghum Production and Management Practices

Field of sorghum

According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraskans planted 320,000 acres in 2021, which ranks the state as the fourth leading sorghum producer in the country. 

The sorghum crop is believed to have first been cultivated in Africa and introduced into the Americas by slave traders. Now, it is a staple food source in many countries, particularly in arid regions of the world taking advantage of its hardiness. Sorghum is currently grown for use primarily as a food and feed source. Consumers with gluten intolerance (celiac disease) take advantage of sorghum's gluten-free grain whose flour can be used for baking some food products. The crop itself is also more heat and drought resistant than other crops, such as corn, which is particularly appealing considering the increasing water use restrictions imposed on row crop producers in irrigated acreage in Nebraska. Increased interest in the production of bio-fuels stemmed research on alternatives to corn grain where it was determined that the number of gallons of ethanol produced per acre of sorghum can reach more than double that of corn.

Forage Sorghum Grower Tips

Variety Test Plots

Nebraska Sorghum Board and Nebraska Sorghum Growers 

Sorghum Profitability Seminar Presentations

2017 Nebraska Sorghum Symposium Video Presentations (on YouTube)

2015 Presentations

2013 Presentations 

Related Resources

Related Articles

Wheat field

Crop Progress: Winter Wheat Harvest Wraps Up, Pasture Conditions Decline

August 3, 2022
The final USDA NASS report for July reflected a slow continuation of declining crop and pasture conditions in Nebraska. Harvest was 92% complete for winter wheat and 82% for oats.

Read more

Corn plant

Crop Progress: Nebraska Crop Conditions Take Slight Downturn

July 27, 2022
Hot, dry conditions led to a minor decrease in crop health last week in Nebraska, and winter wheat harvest neared the finish line.

Read more

Corn plant

Crop Progress: Conditions Unchanged as Corn, Soybeans Maturing at Average Pace

July 19, 2022
Though oat harvest is running behind, all Nebraska crop conditions continue to remain steady, with corn and soybeans entering reproductive growth stages.

Read more

Corn plant

Crop Progress: Crop Condition Holding Steady in Nebraska

July 12, 2022
Nebraska crop conditions are unchanged from a week ago, with 88% of corn and soybeans in fair to excellent condition.

Read more

Corn plant

Crop Progress: Nebraska Crop Development Near Average Rates Despite Planting Setbacks

July 6, 2022
Crop growth largely caught up to the five-year average pace last week, with soybeans blooming at 25%, sorghum headed at 4% and corn silking at 1%.

Read more