Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

Related Articles

Bacterial leaf streak in wheat

Wheat Disease Update: Bacterial Streak and Black Chaff January 10, 2019

In this article from the Proceedings of the 2019 Crop Production Clinics the author reviews disease impacts in wheat, particularly bacterial streak, also known as black chaff.

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Map of grassland-sawfly-parasitoid intensive survey.

Wheat Insect Update January 9, 2019

A survey and landscape analysis is being conducted to better understand the ecology of both the wheat stem sawfly and its parasitoid, the most effective control method for the wheat stem sawfly in Nebraska.

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77% of Corn, 94% of Soybeans Now Harvested November 13, 2018

See more of the USDA NASS report on Nebraska harvest progress and wheat emergence and condition.

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Harvest

Soybean Harvest at 90%; Corn at 65% November 5, 2018

By late Sunday, 65% of Nebraska's corn had been harvested, equal to last year, and behind 72% for the five-year average. Soybean harvest was 90% done, near 94% last year, and behind the five-year average of 96%.

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Marestail seedlings
Figure 1. Due to plenty of soil moisture this fall, marestail emergence was relatively early and over a longer period, leading to variable sizes of marestail plants that needed to be controlled before planting winter wheat. (Photos by Amit Jhala)

Q&A: How Can I Control Winter Annuals Now Before Planting Wheat? October 24, 2018

What is your herbicide recommendation for someone who wants to plant wheat, but has a lot of winter annuals coming up, including marestail?

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