Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

Related Articles

Crop Progress Report for July 27

July 27, 2020
Corn is rated 75% good to excellent and progressing ahead of the five-year average. Soybean is rated 80% good to excellent and also progressing ahead of the five-year average, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. The winter wheat harvest is nearly complete (93%) and dry edible beans are progressing ahead of the previous year.

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wheat stem sawfly adult

Wheat Stem Sawfly Infestations Continue to Impact Harvest in the Nebraska Panhandle

July 23, 2020
WSS damage in winter wheat was first noted in Nebraska in the early to mid-1990s in Banner County near the Wyoming border. It has continued to increase ever since and now is a very significant issue.

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https://cropwatch.unl.edu/2020/crop-progress-report-july-20
2019 Harlan County Wheat Plot Tour. Photo courtesy of Dawn Hetrick, Harlan County Extension Office.

Selecting Winter Wheat Varieties - Best for Your Cropping System

July 21, 2020
Variety selection is one of the most important decisions a winter wheat grower has to make. The right or wrong decision can enhance or negate all other factors in profitable wheat farming.

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Crop Progress Report for July 20

July 20, 2020
Corn is progressing near the five-year average with 61% silking, while soybean is progressing ahead of average with 75% blooming and 31% setting pods. Both crops declined slightly in condition since last week according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The winter wheat harvest is progressing ahead of average at 79% complete.

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Corn, Soybean Progress Ahead of Last Year

July 14, 2020
Corn is rated 70% good to excellent and progressing ahead of last year but behind the five-year average. Soybean is rated 73% good to excellent and is progressing ahead of both last year and the five-year average. Winter wheat harvest is ahead of previous years with 50% complete.

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