Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

Related Articles

Figure 1. Corn height and stalk diameter for the different treatments were measured weekly and compared.

Effect of Rye or Oat Cover Crop on Corn Growth and Development in a Rain-Fed, Wheat-Corn Rotation March 12, 2019

Cover crop species and planting date are two factors that could affect the following crop. In this student study the effects on corn of cover crop species and planting dates were evaluated.

Read more

Nebraska Winter Wheat Seedings February 8, 2019

Winter wheat seeded area in Nebraska for 2019 is estimated at 930,000 acres, down from last year.

Read more

Field of wheat

Save the Dates: Wheat and Small Grain Field Days January 28, 2019

Dates for the University of Nebraska Wheat and Small Grains Field Days have been set for mid-June in eastern and western Nebraska.

Read more

Bacterial leaf streak in wheat

Wheat Disease Update: Bacterial Streak and Black Chaff January 10, 2019

In this article from the Proceedings of the 2019 Crop Production Clinics the author reviews disease impacts in wheat, particularly bacterial streak, also known as black chaff.

Read more

Map of grassland-sawfly-parasitoid intensive survey.

Wheat Insect Update January 9, 2019

A survey and landscape analysis is being conducted to better understand the ecology of both the wheat stem sawfly and its parasitoid, the most effective control method for the wheat stem sawfly in Nebraska.

Read more