Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

Related Articles

Wheat streak mosaic

Wheat Disease Update: May 19

May 20, 2022
Recent drought-like conditions have slowed the onset of diseases in wheat fields, with only trace levels of diseases observed in southeast Nebraska so far.

Read more

Wheat variety tours banner

Wheat Variety Trial Field Tours Across Nebraska in June

April 19, 2022
The UNL Performance Testing program will sponsor wheat variety trial field tours in eight locations from Jefferson to Banner counties in June.

Read more

Soybean seedlings

U.S. Farmers Expect to Plant More Soybeans, Less Corn Acreage

March 31, 2022
Producers surveyed across the U.S. intend to plant a record high 91.0 million acres of soybeans in 2022, up 4% from last year, while corn acreage is expected to decrease by 4%.

Read more

Soybean field

Nebraska December Grain and Hay Stocks

January 20, 2022
Nebraska corn stocks in December 2021 were up 11% from 2020; soybeans were up 9% from last year. See all crop stock positions in the latest USDA NASS report.

Read more

Wheat Variety App

UNL Researchers Debut New Interactive Wheat Variety App

November 16, 2021
The new Wheat Variety App brings interactivity to UNL's annual variety testing results, enabling viewers to filter the data and build a custom, printable report — all in one easy-to-use online tool.

Read more