Soil is the single most important resource on which our agriculture depends. Proper soil management is necessary to sustain long-term agricultural productivity. Soil loss through erosion or run-off hurts agricultural production with depletion of organic matter and fertility. It also has environmental implications.
An article from the Proceedings of the 2018 Nebraska Extension Crop Production Clinics about recent research to validate or adapt canopy sensor-guided in-season N application practices for fields with manure or other organic material applied and to improve the predictionof fertilizer N substitution for organic materials.
Averaged across two years, the sensor-based N fertigation treatment consistently resulted in higher profit and nitrogen use efficiency. The use of fertigation offers the unique capability to minimize N losses by reacting to slight N deficiencies in corn by applying N multiple times throughout the season with lower application rates.
At the 2017 Crop Production Clinics, the Nebraska Extension Soils Team is presenting a historical overview of how nitrogen recommendations for corn have developed and changed since the 1950s. We are also discussing what may lay ahead for nitrogen management.
A short review of cover crop research conducted at four University of Nebraska research fields (two irrigated, two dryland) to study the feasibility and impact of winter cover cropping on soil quality, soil water, and crop yields in corn-soybean systems. Objectives were to quantify cover crop emergence, fall and spring biomass production, soil water changes, soil chemical and physical property changes, and crop yields.