The North Platte River — Multi-use Water, Part 6
Part 6 of a six-part series on the dams, reservoirs, power generation and some diversion dams located on the North Platte River. The series will follow a chronological order of the history and construction of these projects.
- Part 1: The North Platte River Basin Projects — Background
- Part 2: The North Platte Project – Pathfinder, Guernsey and Whalen
- Part 3: The Kendrick Project — Seminoe and Alcova
- Part 4: The Pick-Sloan Missouri River Basin Project — Kortes
- Part 5: The Pick-Sloan Missouri River Basin Project — Glendo
- Part 6: Other Dams, Reservoirs and Powerplants – Nebraska and Wyoming
Other Dams, Reservoirs and Powerplants – Nebraska and Wyoming
This will be a six-part series on the dams, reservoirs, power generation and some diversion dams located on the North Platte River. This last part will cover the remaining dams and powerplants in Nebraska and Wyoming.
Built in the 1950s, the Dave Johnston powerplant is located near Glenrock, Wyoming. This coal-fired powerplant uses North Platte River water for cooling. Combined energy produced from the four steam-powered generators is 922.2 megawatts. The powerplant is operated by PacifiCorp and scheduled to be decommissioned in 2027.
The Laramie River Station powerplant is located north of Wheatland, Wyoming on the Laramie River. The Laramie River is a major tributary to the North Platte River. Constructed in the 1970s, the coal-fired power plant went fully online in 1982. The plant’s three steam-powered generators produce a combined output of 1,710 megawatts. The electricity produced is delivered to the Missouri Basin Power Project, whose participants include Basin Electric, Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, The Lincoln Electric System, and the Wester Minnesota Power Agency/Missouri River Energy Services.
In addition to the Laramie River Station, the Grayrocks dam and reservoir was constructed to supply cooling water for the powerplant. The 104,000 acre-feet reservoir also provides recreational opportunities, flood control and wildlife habitat.
Next is Kingsley Dam and Lake McConaughy or “Big Mac” located north of Ogallala. Kingsley dam construction started in 1936 and completed 1941. Kingsley dam is named after George Kingsley, a Minden banker and businessman. Kingsley dam is the second largest hydraulic filled earthen dam in the world. The dam is over three miles long and 162 feet high. The dam base has interlocking sheet steel pilings 30 to 160 deep down to the Brule clay layer. The dam core consists of a mixture of loess soil and water pumped to form the dam. The mixture was allowed to dry, forming the dam. In the process doing this, Lake Ogallala was formed from the pumped loess mixture, just below the dam. The water-facing side of the dam is layered with 180,000 “jackstones” and limestone rock from Wyoming. The jackstones look like the toy jack, a six-pointed stone, weighing over 800 pounds each.
Lake McConaughy or “Big Mac” reservoir formed behind Kingsley Dam. Lake McConaughy is named after C.W. McConaughy, a grain merchant and mayor of Holdrege. Both McConaughy and Kingsley had a vison of supplemental irrigation for the south-central Nebraska area and the dam and lake/reservoir became a reality. The lake is the largest in the state, has a capacity of 1,948,000 acre-feet, is 22 miles long, over three miles wide, and covers over 30,000 acres at capacity. In addition to providing irrigation and hydropower generation, Lake McConaughy/Lake Ogallala provides a major recreational site for camping, boating, fishing and windsurfing, as well as wildlife habitat.
Construction for the Kingsley dam powerplant started in 1981 and went online in 1984. There is one generator with a 51,900-kilowatt capacity. Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District (CNPPID), a political subdivision of the State of Nebraska, owns the dam and manages the hydropower plant at the dam.
Water from the reservoir irrigates approximately 109,000 acres in Gosper, Phelps, Kearney, Lincoln and Dawson counties through over 500 miles of canals and laterals. This water delivered through the supply canal to the three main irrigation canals E65, E67, and Phelps starting at Central’s Diversion Dam on the Platte River.
CNPPID also has three hydropower plants along the supply canal. These are the Jeffery, with two 10,800 kilowatt generators, Johnson No. 1 with two 10,030 kilowatt generators, and Johnson No. 2 with one 22,960-kilowatt generator. The power generated by CNPPID is sold to Nebraska Public Power District.
There are 26 smaller lakes along the supply canal. Some of these lakes are private, but others are open to the public. These lakes provide additional recreational opportunities and wildlife habitat. The Nebraska Game and Parks Commission manage the designated Wildlife Management Areas and the recreational areas around these lakes and Lake McConaughy.
The last powerplant we will address is the coal-fired Gerald Gentleman Station, located south of Sutherland, Nebraska. This is Nebraska’s largest powerplant, using both North and South Platte River water for cooling. The plant was commissioned in 1979 with a combined output of 1,365 megawatts for the two steam-powered generators. The plant is owned by Nebraska Public Power District and is consistently ranked as one of the lowest production-cost plants in the nation.
The waters in the reservoirs of the North Platte River serve multiple purposes. Initially most were constructed for irrigation and hydropower generation. As time progressed, additional beneficial uses for recreation, flood control, wildlife habitat, sediment retention and endangered species became reality. Conflicts between states over water have resulted in compacts, decrees, and interstate agreements to settle these disputes. For a full review of these, visit CompactAndDecrees2010.pdf (nebraska.gov), from the Nebraska Department of Natural Resources. The waters of the North Platte River serve many beneficial uses. Proper management of this finite resource will ensure these uses are there for the future.
Arneson, Joe, “Building Nebraska’s Biggest Lake”, Building Nebraska’s Biggest Lake | PBT (plattebasintimelapse.com)
Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District website, The Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District (cnppid.com)
Dave Johnston Power Plant, Dave Johnston Power Plant, US (power-technology.com)
Dave Johnston Power Plant, Dave Johnston Power Plant - Global Energy Monitor (gem.wiki)
Gerald Gentleman Power Plant, Gerald Gentleman Power Plant, US (power-technology.com)
Laramie River Power Plant, Laramie River Power Plant, US (power-technology.com)
Nebraska Public Power District, Gerald Gentleman Station, Coal (nppd.com)
Wyoming Municipal Power Agency, WMPA Generation - Wyoming Municipal Power Agency