Wheat

Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Recent CropWatch Articles

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

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Wheat Facts

Winter wheat is one of the major field crops grown in Nebraska, along with corn and soybean.

  • The greatest acreage of wheat planted since 2000 was 2.05 million in 2006-2007, and the lowest was 1.52 million in 2010-2011.
     
  • Grain production since 2000 ranged from 50.16 million bushels in 2002 to 84.28 million bushels in 2007.
     
  • The value of production since 2000 has ranged from $163 million in 2001 to $491 million in 2008.
     
  • In 2007, more than 256,000 acres were grown under irrigation in the state.
     
  • Nebraska is typically one of the top 10 winter wheat producing states in the U.S.
     
  • Production occurs mainly in the western half of Nebraska.

Related Articles

Wheat variety trial field day
Figure 1. Producers examine wheat variety trials during a field day earlier this year.

Research Suggests Changes in Two Wheat Practices Could Lead to Increased Yield August 3, 2017

Fine-tuning wheat production practices such as seeding rate and N application timing and selecting a mix of varieties for a location could significantly improve yield and end-use quality of winter wheat in Nebraska. This article highlights findings from two published articles on results from University of Nebraska wheat research in eastern and western Nebraska.

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Figure 1. Severe wheat streak mosaic in a grower’s field in Jefferson County on June 1. (Photo by Stephen Wegulo)

Protect Future Wheat Yields: Control the Volunteer Green Bridge August 2, 2017

Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) problems have been extensive throughout the western Great Plains this year, significantly reducing the yield potential of many fields. A critical key in managing this threat in the next crop is elimination of volunteer wheat. Tillage or chemical weed control should occur at least one month before planting to allow host plants time to dry up and cease being a host.

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Bunted wheat and loose smut of wheat.
Figure 1 (left). Bunted wheat grain containing spore masses of the stinking smut fungi. Figure 2 (right). Loose smut on a wheat head.

The Importance of Certified, Fungicide-Treated Wheat Seed July 31, 2017

Planting clean, certified, fungicide-treated wheat seed is one of the first steps in assuring top yields from your 2018 wheat crop. Another is selecting resistant varieties, where available. Together these practices can help you more effectively manage seed-transmitted diseases of wheat.

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USDA-NASS: Corn 61% Good-Excellent; Soybean, 60% July 31, 2017

Winter wheat harvest has been completed across most of Nebraska, according to the July 30 report from USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Significant rainfall of an inch or more was received across most of the state during the previous week and a few north central counties received as much as four inches of rain.

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Manure being injected in wheat residue
Figure 1. Manure injected in wheat residue can be a valuable source of phosphorus.

Is Manure a Fertility Option for Wheat? July 18, 2017

Interested in applying manure to wheat to meet phosphorus and nitrogen needs? This article outlines factors to consider and recommendations for manure and soil sampling, application method, and timing of application to get the highest return from your manure.

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