Wheat

Wheat field

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Recent CropWatch Articles

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

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Wheat Facts

Winter wheat is one of the major field crops grown in Nebraska, along with corn and soybean.

  • The greatest acreage of wheat planted since 2000 was 2.05 million in 2006-2007, and the lowest was 1.52 million in 2010-2011.
     
  • Grain production since 2000 ranged from 50.16 million bushels in 2002 to 84.28 million bushels in 2007.
     
  • The value of production since 2000 has ranged from $163 million in 2001 to $491 million in 2008.
     
  • In 2007, more than 256,000 acres were grown under irrigation in the state.
     
  • Nebraska is typically one of the top 10 winter wheat producing states in the U.S.
     
  • Production occurs mainly in the western half of Nebraska.

Related Articles

Winter wheat in early spring in southern Nebraska
Figure 1. A grower’s wheat field in Saline County on March 22. Winter wheat is greening up across Nebraska and growers are urged tos scout for disease, given the forecasts for a wet spring. (Photos by Stephen Wegulo)

Start Scouting for Wheat Diseases March 24, 2017

The wheat-growing season is off to an early start due to a mild winter. Wheat fields are looking green from a distance (Figure 1), but closer examination reveals freeze damage in some fields caused by periods of subfreezing temperatures that occurred after growth had resumed (Figures 2 and 3).

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army cutworms

Cutworm Scouting Urged in Western Nebraska Wheat and Alfalfa March 23, 2017

Army cutworms are beginning to show up from central Kansas to Chappell. As wheat breaks dormancy, scouting for cutworms is advised from now through April to determine whether treatment is warranted.

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Severe wheat streak mosaic virus in sunflower stubble

Figure 1. Severe symptoms of wheat streak mosaic in volunteer wheat in sunflower stubble in Deuel County in November 2016. Such a field significantly increases the risk of infection of wheat in nearby fields. (Photo by Gary Hein)

Growers Urged to Keep a Watchful Eye for Wheat Viruses This Spring January 25, 2017

While the mild fall promoted wheat establishment, it also favored survival of wheat curl mites, the leading vector of several viruses common to Nebraska wheat. While much of the state's wheat crop entered winter in very good condition, growers are urged to scout for viruses this spring and assess yield potential of individual fields when making management decisions.

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Stephen Baenziger, professor of agronomy and horticulture at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln will lead a three-year, $975,000 research project focused on the development of hybrid wheat. (Craig Chandler/University Communication)
Stephen Baenziger, professor of agronomy and horticulture at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln will lead a three-year, $975,000 research project focused on the development of hybrid wheat. (Craig Chandler/University Communication)

New Multi-State Research on Developing Higher Yielding Hybrid Wheats December 19, 2016

A University of Nebraska-Lincoln research team has earned a three-year grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to develop higher yielding lines of hybrid wheat that can meet rising demand for the staple food crop.

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A number of diseases were reported in wheat this fall, indicating the potential for increased diseases next spring. The author outlines a comprehensive strategy to tackle the challenge, starting this winter.
A number of diseases were reported in wheat this fall, indicating the potential for increased diseases next spring. The author outlines a comprehensive strategy to tackle the challenge, starting this winter.

Wheat Disease Management Tips for 2017 December 9, 2016

A number of diseases were reported in Nebraska wheat this fall. In this article plant pathologist Stephen Wegulo outlines how to develop a comprehensive plan to tackle this yield challenge, starting with steps growers can take this winter.

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