The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Recent CropWatch Articles
- Wheat Seeding Delayed? Here's How to Compensate
- Wheat Stem Sawfly Infestations Continue to Impact Western Nebraska
- Good Soil Moisture Exists for 2016 Wheat. Recommendations for Panhandle growers.
- Fertilizer Management for Winter Wheat. Split applications recommended to stay flexible to market changes.
- Winter Wheat Varieties for the Nebraska Panhandle with yields and resistance ratings.
- Wheat Rust Resistances Shift in 2015. When selecting varieties, be sure to check this year's disease data to see if your variety has lost its resistance.
- Factors Contributing to Winter Wheat Winter Injury/Kill in 2014-15 and how to enhance survival this year
- Fall Strategies for Managing Wheat Diseases plus resistance ratings for stripe rust and Fusarium head blight.
- Freeze-damaged wheat in the Panhandle (May 2015)
- The Importance of Wheat Seed Treatments
- Heavy infestation of wheat stem sawfly in the Panhandle
- New tool for tracking the voracious Russian wheat aphid
Crop Growth and Development
Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.
The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.
Major growth stages:
- Stem elongation (jointing)
- Flowering (anthesis)
- Estimating Winter Wheat Grain Yields
This NebGuide discusses three methods of estimating winter wheat yield.
- Freeze Injury to Nebraska Wheat
- Wheat Kernel Damage from Oklahoma State University (*PDF, 1.84 MB; 12 pages)
- Plant Development--Growing Degree Days document from USDA (*PDF, 36 KB; 3 pages)
- Tillering Patterns and Wheat Plant Stresses document from USDA (*PDF, 38 KB; 4 pages)
*NOTE: Publication listed is a PDF document. You must have Adobe Reader installed on your computer for reading or printing. Download Adobe Acrobat Reader Free
Winter wheat is one of the major field crops grown in Nebraska, along with corn and soybean.
- The greatest acreage of wheat planted since 2000 was 2.05 million in 2006-2007, and the lowest was 1.52 million in 2010-2011.
- Grain production since 2000 ranged from 50.16 million bushels in 2002 to 84.28 million bushels in 2007.
- The value of production since 2000 has ranged from $163 million in 2001 to $491 million in 2008.
- In 2007, more than 256,000 acres were grown under irrigation in the state.
- Nebraska is typically one of the top 10 winter wheat producing states in the U.S.
- Production occurs mainly in the western half of Nebraska.