Heads of wheat

Nebraska Wheat

The latest Extension information on wheat production and management practices from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Crop Growth and Development

Understanding plant development can be helpful for making management decisions. The optimum timing of fertilizer, irrigation, herbicide, insecticide, and fungicide applications are best determined by crop growth stage rather than calendar date.

The impact of various crop stresses such as frost, heat, drought, disease, insect damage, or weed competition can be more accurately predicted with a clear understanding of the relationships between crop growth stage and plant response to stress.

Major growth stages:

  • Germination
  • Seedling
  • Tillering
  • Stem elongation (jointing)
  • Booting
  • Heading
  • Flowering (anthesis)
  • Milk
  • Dough
  • Ripening

Additional Resources

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News and Events

Market Journal: Television for Agricultural Business Decisions

 

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Subscribe to updates of the CropWatch Wheat Production Systems web pages.

Contact Us

Panhandle: Dipak Santra
Phone: (308) 632-1244
Email: dsantra2@unl.edu
West Central NE: Robert Klein
Phone: 308-696-6705
Email: robert.klein@unl.edu
Eastern NE: Teshome Regassa
Phone: (402) 472-1489
Email: tregassa2@unl.edu
Extension Specialists, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

 

Wheat Facts

Winter wheat is one of the major field crops grown in Nebraska, along with corn and soybean.

  • The greatest acreage of wheat planted since 2000 was 2.05 million in 2006-2007, and the lowest was 1.52 million in 2010-2011.
     
  • Grain production since 2000 ranged from 50.16 million bushels in 2002 to 84.28 million bushels in 2007.
     
  • The value of production since 2000 has ranged from $163 million in 2001 to $491 million in 2008.
     
  • In 2007, more than 256,000 acres were grown under irrigation in the state.
     
  • Nebraska is typically one of the top 10 winter wheat producing states in the U.S.
     
  • Production occurs mainly in the western half of Nebraska.