Farmers throughout the Corn Belt may want to consider diversifying traditional corn and soybean rotations to increase agronomic sustainability and to spread financial risks associated with low market prices of corn and soybean. An alternative is a more diverse crop rotation using field pea (short-season grain crop) followed by cover crops, forages, or short-season crops (Figure 1).
Researchers report their findings from a one-year cover crop study at two sites in western Nebraska to study the impact of planting and termination dates and cover crop species selection. This article is part of the Crop Production Clinic Proceedings 2019.
Cover crop research trials were conducted in 2017-2018 at the UNL Havelock Research Farm near Lincoln to discover the impact of soybean maturity group, planting date, termination date, and herbicide use on on management of winter- and summer-annual weeds.
This article, from the Proceedings of the 2019 Crop Production Clinics, addresses new and updated product labels for disease management, a report from the Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic, changes in the Department of Plant Pathology, and the initial US finding of Fusarium boothii on wheat in Nebraska.
Across Nebraska, the use of cover crops is increasing. Most commonly, winter cover crops are planted during the fallow period between corn or soybean harvest and the next crop. However, other windows for cover cropping exist in Nebraska.
A UNL study of sensor-based and model-informed fertigation treatments confirms that sensor fertigation treatments are consistently the most profitable and efficient methods of applying N compared to current best management practices (BMPs).
How well do cover crops control weeds and can they offset herbicide costs in corn-soybean cropping systems across the Corn Belt? That's the focus of a multi-state meta-analysis of 15 cover crop research projects.
Results of research conducted since 2000 to address fertilizer phosphorus (P) for corn will be reviewed. The current fertilizer P recommendations for corn will be discussed and revised recommendations presented at the 2019 Crop Production Clinics.