With soybean aphid infestations, it's important to preserve natural enemies under an integrated pest management approach, as well as treating only when pest populations reach economic or treatment thresholds, to let beneficial insects do their work.
Soybean aphids in Nebraska typically reach the economic threshold and require treatment in late July through August. Treatment during this time is usually enough to keep aphid populations from resurging before they leave fields for the season.
Soybean gall midge (SGM) injury and pressure varied considerably across its geographic range, with the largest concentration of injured soybean fields occurring in east-central Nebraska this season. To date, a total of 140 Midwestern counties have been identified as infested with SGM.
In 2019, an alert network was established to monitor soybean gall midge adult emergence using cages across 27 sites in four states. Growers and consultants can sign up to receive emergence information alerts to aid in the timing of insecticide applications.