Rainfall in spring and early summer 2017 was plentiful throughout western Nebraska, allowing good soil moisture for emerging crops, but also contributing to the development of plant diseases in multiple crops.
Unusually early findings of rust in volunteer sunflower in western Nebraska indicate the potential for a major outbreak much earlier than usual. Growers are encouraged to scout within the first few weeks of emergence and treat where necessary.
Dry rot canker, one of several rhizoctonia diseaes of sugarbeet, has been relatively obscure since first being identified almost a century ago. New technologies, however, have helped to differentiate it from the more common Rhizoctonia root and crown rot disease.
An article from the Proceedings of the 2018 Nebraska Extension Crop Production Clinics: Early season stand loss from wind or frost can be severe enough to require replanting of a sugarbeet crop. Three years of field trials at the Panhandle Research and Extension Center were conducted to determine just how much stands need to be reduced to justify replanting.
Management of foliar fungal disease is achieved in many of our field crops by applying fungicides. Over the past several years, there have been examples of misidentification of some bacterial diseases that are easily confused for fungal diseases in field crops.
With the predicted return to more normal temperatures, it's time to get into wheat fields and start scouting. Stripe rust has already been reported in southeastern Kansas and is expected to move northward. Included is a table of fungicide efficacy ratings for disease management in wheat.