One of the challenges with spring burndown application is timing. Wet and windy conditions can delay spraying and under these conditions weeds can grow significantly in a few days. Waiting until planting to spray troublesome weeds such as marestail may be too late to achieve adequate control. In addition, waiting until soybean planting limits the available herbicide options since there are relatively few labeled effective burndown chemicals for spraying at this time. The following section identifies key treatment aspects to consider for several resistant varieties in Nebraska.
Fall-planted cereal rye is increasingly used as a cover crop in corn and soybean cropping systems in Nebraska. The authors address control of cereal rye through herbicide and mechanical measures and include a USDA NRCS map of recommended termination deadlines.
Horseweed (marestail, Conyza canadensis L.) is a unique weed species that can emerge in both fall and spring. In Nebraska, unlike the eastern Corn Belt, horseweed populations predominantly emerge in fall as a winter annual.
Cover crops can provide either ecosystem services or forage benefits but understanding how they fit in cropping systems is still limited. This study assessed the effects of planting date (early and late), plant population (low, average, and high) and corn maturity (80 to 115 days relative maturity) on corn yield.
With corn and soybean harvest nearing completion in Nebraska this is a great time to begin scouting fields for winter annual weeds like marestail. Timing is critical to successful control of marestail, especially in no-till soybeans as many populations have evolved resistance to glyphosate and ALS-inhibiting herbicides.
Rye was the leading biomass producer in the first two years of a four-year study exploring whether winter cover cropping in no-till corn and soybean systems in Nebraska can benefit soil quality despite their short growing season.